133,000 Resumes analyzed: Top sections, skills, & keywords

We’ve extracted and analyzed data from 133,000+ resumes created on Zety. Here’s what candidates across all industries write about their job histories and skills.

Top additional resume sections

Top 10 most common “soft” skills listed in resumes

  1. Communication: 11% of resumes
  2. Leadership: 9%
  3. Time Management: 8%
  4. Problem Solving: 7%
  5. Customer Service: 5%
  6. Teamwork: 5%
  7. Adaptability: 4.3%
  8. Organization: 2%
  9. Creativity: 1.7%
  10. Conflict Resolution: 1.6%

Top soft skills

Top 10 most common “hard” skills listed in resumes

  1. Microsoft Office: 12% of resumes
  2. Project Management: 6%
  3. Microsoft Excel: 6%
  4. Python: 3.8%
  5. Salesforce: 3.6%
  6. Java: 3%
  7. SQL: 2.9%
  8. Microsoft Word: 2.7%
  9. JavaScript: 2.4%
  10. Public Speaking: 1.9%

Top hard skills

Top 10 most common foreign languages listed in resumes

  1. Spanish: 5.7% of resumes
  2. French: 4.1%
  3. Arabic: 3.6%
  4. Hindi: 2.9%
  5. German: 2.8%
  6. Russian: 1.5%
  7. Italian: 1.2%
  8. Portuguese: 1%
  9. Mandarin: 0.9%
  10. Tamil: 0.8%

Resume length

  • Average resume length: 489 words (standard deviation of 310 words)
  • Median resume length: 369 words

Distribution (limited to resumes no longer than 1000 words):

resume analysis

For a typical resume created in our builder, about 380 words is the single-page cut off point. The data clearly shows that an average user tries to keep her resume one page long.

Perhaps paradoxically, contrary to the popular belief, nowadays recruiters prefer two-page resumes. Data shows that recruiters are 2.9x more likely to pick a candidate with a two-page resume for managerial roles and 1.4x more likely for entry-level positions.

How many resumes per user?

  • Average: 1.73 resume per user
  • Median: 1 resume per user

The statistics above are particularly worrying: the most effective job-hunting strategy is to customize each resume to match the requirements from the job ad (63% of recruiters want to receive resumes tailored to the open position). To do so, it’s advised to create a new resume for each job application. Yet—most users prefer to create one generic resume and send it with all job applications.

On average, 10% of job applications result in interview invites. Out of those who land the interview, 20% are offered the job. Depending on the study, the job application success rate is between 2% and 3.4%. This means that, on average, you need to send between 30 and 50 resumes to get hired.

Key resume statistics

That said—

Certain job seekers do create multiple resumes to fit the needs of various employers. Some take it to extreme: we’ve seen 17 users with over 100 resumes created. Our first thought? They’re using our tool to run their own resume-writing business and create documents for *their* clients. We checked. Not the case. All those resumes were written by users for their personal use—they just made minor tweaks and alterations in key skills and job duties described.

The user with the most resumes created 339 of them. Is this the exact approach we’re looking for when saying “tailor your resume to match the job ad?” Maybe not. Is it more effective than spamming the same resume around 300+ companies? A non-scientific guess: at least 10x more effective.

2. Software Engineer: 1720 resumes analyzed

Sections used

Standard, “must-have” resume sections:

  • Personal information: 99.7% of resumes
  • Work Experience: 99%
  • Education: 98%
  • Skills: 92%
  • Summary or Objective: 86%

Additional sections:

  • Any additional section: 70%
  • Languages*: 34%
  • (Additional) Activities: 29%
  • Software: 24%
  • Certificates: 22%
  • Interests: 21%
  • Courses: 10%
  • References: 10%
  • Publications: 6%
  • Legal Clause: 6%
  • Conferences: 3%
  • Licenses: 2%

*The section “Languages” was used by candidates to describe either foreign languages or programming languages.

Top 15 most common skills

Unsurprisingly, the most common skills on software engineers’ resumes are almost entirely related to programming languages, presentation languages, or software systems. (With the exception of “English”—though it’s a language too!)

  1. Java: used on 530 resumes (31%)
  2. Python: 450 resumes (26%)
  3. JavaScript: 427 (25%)
  4. SQL: 297 (17%)
  5. C#: 256 (15%)
  6. C++ (only listed as a separate entry): 194 (11%)
  7. Git: 188 (11%)
  8. HTML: 170 (10%)
  9. Node.js: 147 (9%)
  10. CSS: 143 (8%)
  11. PHP: 126 (7%)
  12. C: 125 (7%)
  13. MySQL: 122 (7%)
  14. Docker: 120 (7%)
  15. AWS (or “Amazon Web Services”): 110 (6%)

Top software engineering skills

Most important resume keywords: nouns, adjectives, and verbs

Nouns

Keyword rank Single-word noun Two-word compound noun
1 Java software engineer
2 Javascript computer science
3 Python HTML CSS
4 software node js
5 SQL SQL server
6 development ASP.NET
7 system software engineering
8 HTML data structure
9 application software development
10 Web web development

Adjectives

Keyword rank     Single-word adjective    Two-word compound adjective
1     new    front end
2     English    web-based
3     technical    large scale
4     various    real-time
5     mobile    new technical
6     angular    responsible new
7     different    higher secondary
8     web    internal/external
9     multiple    cross-functional
10     visual    technical new

Verbs

  1. using
  2. programming
  3. based
  4. developed
  5. worked
  6. testing
  7. learning
  8. designed
  9. implemented
  10. solving

3. Administrative Assistant: 1381 resumes analyzed

Sections used

Standard, “must-have” resume sections:

  • Personal Information: 99.9%
  • Work Experience: 99%
  • Education: 97%
  • Skills: 96%
  • Summary or Objective: 93%

Additional resume sections:

  • Any additional section: 37%
  • Languages: 16%
  • References: 12%
  • Software: 10%
  • Interests: 9%
  • Certificates: 8%
  • Additional Activities: 8%
  • Courses: 4%
  • Licenses: 2%
  • Legal Clause: 2%
  • Conferences: 1%
  • Publications: 0.6%

Top 15 most common skills

  1. Communication: 196 resumes (14%)
  2. Salesforce: 190 (14%)
  3. Time Management: 187 (13%)
  4. Microsoft Office: 186 (13%)
  5. Customer Service: 155 (11%)
  6. Problem Solving: 132 (10%)
  7. Organization: 126 (9%)
  8. Microsoft Excel: 114 (8%)
  9. Teamwork: 96 (7%)
  10. Microsoft Word: 95 (7%)
  11. Leadership: 91 (7%)
  12. Adaptability: 90 (7%)
  13. Computer Skills: 88 (6%)
  14. Multitasking: 78 (6%)
  15. Ability to Work Under Pressure: 55 (4%)

Top administrative assistant skills

Most important resume keywords: nouns, adjectives, verbs

Nouns

Keyword rank    Single-word noun    Two-word compound noun
1    skill    customer service
2    management    time management
3    customer    Microsoft Office
4    communication    communication skill
5    office    Microsoft Word
6    service    administrative assistant
7    Microsoft    year experience
8    assistant    high school
9    time    computer skill
10    Excel    data entry

Adjectives

Keyword rank    Single-word adjective    Two-word compound adjective
1    administrative    email administrative
2    new    proven email
3    high    retail-proven
4    excellent    payable/receivable
5    daily    fast-paced
6    strong    excellent verbal
7    professional    administrative multiple
8    social    corporate appointment
9    general    general appointment
10    various    internal/external

Verbs

  1. trained
  2. solving
  3. including
  4. working
  5. looking
  6. leverage
  7. maintained
  8. scheduling
  9. handling
  10. managed

4. Project Manager: 886 resumes analyzed

Sections used

Standard, “must-have” resume sections:

  • Personal Information: 99.9% of resumes
  • Work Experience: 99.9%
  • Education: 97%
  • Summary or Objective: 94%
  • Skills: 93%

Additional resume sections:

  • Any additional section: 70%
  • Certificates: 36%
  • Languages: 31%
  • Software: 24%
  • Additional Activities: 16%
  • Interests: 15%
  • Courses: 12%
  • References: 11%
  • Legal Clause: 5%
  • Licenses: 5%
  • Publications: 4%
  • Conferences: 3%

Top 15 most common skills

  1. Project Management: 187 (21%)
  2. Communication: 160 (18%)
  3. Leadership: 151 (17%)
  4. Microsoft Office: 146 (16%)
  5. Microsoft Project: 110 (12%)
  6. Problem Solving: 105 (12%)
  7. Time Management: 89 (10%)
  8. Risk Management: 68 (8%)
  9. Strategic Planning: 51 (6%)
  10. PMP Certification: 51 (6%)
  11. Salesforce: 42 (5%)
  12. Team Management: 42 (5%)
  13. Organization: 39 (4%)
  14. Negotiation: 38 (4%)
  15. Adaptability: 37 (4%)

Top project manager skills

Most important resume keywords: nouns, adjectives, verbs

Nouns

Keyword rank    Single-word noun    Two-word compound noun
1    project    project management
2    management    Microsoft Office
3    team    project manager
4    communication    time management
5    Microsoft    Microsoft Project
6    business    risk management
7    leadership    communication skill
8    skill    management professional
9    manager    process improvement
10    office    customer service

Adjectives

Keyword rank    Single-word adjective    Two-word compound adjective
1    new    cross-functional
2    English    internal/external
3    technical    large-scale
4    multiple    weekly-monthly
5    various    on-site
6    responsible    responsible new
7    internal    on time
8    high    long-term
9    professional    excellent verbal
10    effective    technical new

Verbs

  1. including
  2. managing
  3. solving
  4. planning
  5. working
  6. ensure
  7. using
  8. scheduling
  9. leading
  10. testing

5. Mechanical Engineer: 831 resumes analyzed

Sections used

Standard, “must-have” resume sections:

  • Personal Information: 99.9%
  • Education: 99.6%
  • Work Experience: 98%
  • Skills: 94%
  • Summary or Objective: 91%

Additional resume sections:

  • Any additional section: 85%
  • Languages: 49%
  • Software: 43%
  • Certificates: 37%
  • Additional Activities: 32%
  • Interests: 31%
  • References: 22%
  • Courses: 22%
  • Publications: 10%
  • Licenses: 9%
  • Conferences: 7%
  • Legal Clause: 6%

Top 15 most common skills

  1. SolidWorks: 260 (31%)
  2. Microsoft Office: 252 (30%)
  3. AutoCAD: 223 (27%)
  4. MATLAB: 179 (22%)
  5. Teamwork: 139 (17%)
  6. Leadership: 123 (15%)
  7. Communication: 115 (14%)
  8. Problem Solving: 113 (14%)
  9. ANSYS: 102 (12%)
  10. Project Management: 93 (11%)
  11. Time Management: 82 (10%)
  12. Microsoft Excel: 72 (9%)
  13. Adaptability: 41 (5%)
  14. Autodesk Inventor: 41 (5%)
  15. Microsoft Project: 40 (5%)

Top mechanical engineering skills

Most important resume keywords: nouns, adjectives, verbs

Nouns

Keyword rank    Single-word noun    Two-word compound noun
1    SolidWorks    Microsoft Office
2    engineering    project management
3    design    mechanical engineering
4    project    time management
5    management    communication skill
6    AutoCAD    mechanical engineer
7    skill    Autodesk Inventor
8    office    CATIA V5
9    mechanical    Team player
10    MATLAB    bachelor science

Adjectives

Keyword rank    Single-word adjective    Two-word compound adjective
1    English    true best
2    mechanical    higher secondary
3    technical    mechanical electrical
4    new    full-time
5    high    on-site
6    various    mechanical technical
7    different    cross-functional
8    Spanish    new technical
9    strong    technical mechanical
10    good    internal/external

Verbs

  1. using
  2. solving
  3. working
  4. engineering
  5. designed
  6. testing
  7. programming
  8. manufacturing
  9. including
  10. completed

6. Customer Service Representative: 649 resumes analyzed

Sections used

Standard, “must-have” resume sections:

  • Personal Information: 100%
  • Work Experience: 99%
  • Education: 96%
  • Summary or Objective: 95%
  • Skills: 94%

Additional resume sections:

  • Any additional section: 37%
  • Languages: 15%
  • References: 15%
  • Certificates: 9%
  • Interests: 9%
  • Software: 8%
  • Additional Activities: 7%
  • Courses: 3%
  • Licenses: 1%
  • Legal Clause: 1%
  • Conferences: 0.3%
  • Publications: 0.15%

Top 15 most common skills

  1. Customer Service: 152 resumes (23%)
  2. Communication: 146 (22%)
  3. Time Management: 104 (16%)
  4. Problem Solving: 95 (15%)
  5. Teamwork: 89 (14%)
  6. Leadership: 64 (10%)
  7. Adaptability: 62 (10%)
  8. Microsoft Office: 61 (9%)
  9. Multitasking: 50 (8%)
  10. Organization: 52 (8%)
  11. Salesforce: 46 (7%)
  12. Microsoft Word: 43 (7%)
  13. Microsoft Excel: 41 (6%)
  14. Computer Skills: 34 (5%)
  15. Conflict Resolution: 33 (5%)

Top customer service skills

Most important resume keywords: nouns, adjectives, verbs

Nouns

Keyword rank    Single-word noun    Two-word compound noun
1    customer    customer service
2    service    time management
3    communication    communication skill
4    skill    Microsoft Office
5    management    high school
6    problem    service representative
7    time    Microsoft Word
8    Microsoft    conflict resolution
9    sale    computer skill
10    school    years experience

Adjectives

Keyword rank    Single-word adjective    Two-word compound adjective
1    high    fast-paced
2    new    bilingual Spanish
3    excellent    internal/external
4    professional    excellent verbal
5    strong    full-time
6    English    excellent interpersonal
7    daily    responsible daily
8    Spanish    high new
9    positive    oriented professional
10    responsible    detail-oriented

Verbs

  1. solving
  2. work
  3. oriented
  4. providing
  5. handling
  6. maintaining
  7. including
  8. ensure
  9. organized
  10. completed

7. Business Analyst: 391 resumes analyzed

Sections used

Standard, “must-have” resume sections:

  • Personal Information: 100%
  • Work Experience: 100%
  • Education: 98%
  • Skills: 97%
  • Summary or Objective: 95%

Additional resume sections:

  • Any additional section: 73%
  • Certificates: 34%
  • Software: 34%
  • Languages: 28%
  • Additional Activities: 20%
  • Interests: 17%
  • Courses: 14%
  • References: 13%
  • Publications: 6%
  • Legal Clause: 6%
  • Conferences: 4%
  • Licenses: 2%

Top 15 most common skills

  1. SQL: 108 resumes (28%)
  2. Microsoft Excel: 73 (19%)
  3. Communication: 68 (17%)
  4. Problem Solving: 66 (17%)
  5. Project Management: 62 (16%)
  6. Microsoft Office: 53 (14%)
  7. Tableau: 41 (10%)
  8. Analytical (Thinking) Skills: 37 (9%)
  9. Microsoft Visio: 35 (9%)
  10. Python: 31 (8%)
  11. JIRA: 29 (7%)
  12. Business Analysis: 27 (7%)
  13. Process Improvement: 26 (7%)
  14. Teamwork: 23 (6%)
  15. Agile: 22 (6%)

Top business analyst skills

Most important resume keywords: nouns, adjectives, verbs

Nouns

Keyword rank    Single-word noun    Two-word compound noun
1    business    project management
2    management    business analyst
3    analysis    business analysis
4    project    microsoft office
5    data    communication skill
6    SQL    business process
7    skill    data analysis
8    Microsoft    Microsoft Excel
9    process    process improvement
10    requirement    time management

Adjectives

Keyword rank    Single-word adjective    Two-word compound adjective
1    new    cross-functional
2    technical    internal/external
3    English    functional technical
4    financial    strong analytical
5    functional    weekly/monthly
6    analytical    higher secondary
7    various    fast-paced
8    multiple    business strong
9    different    various new
10    effective     daily/weekly

Verbs

  1. using
  2. solving
  3. testing
  4. working
  5. including
  6. based
  7. ensure
  8. reporting
  9. gathering
  10. creating

8. Data Scientist: 377 resumes analyzed

Sections used

Standard, “must-have” resume sections:

  • Personal Information: 100%
  • Work Experience: 99.7%
  • Education: 99%
  • Skills: 96%
  • Summary or Objective: 89%

Additional resume sections:

  • Any additional section: 80%
  • Certificates: 36%
  • Additional Activities: 35%
  • Languages: 32%
  • Software: 28%
  • Interests: 20%
  • Publications: 19%
  • Courses: 15%
  • References: 10%
  • Conferences: 9%
  • Legal Clause: 6%
  • Licenses: 3%

Top 15 most common skills

  1. Python: 174 resumes (46%)
  2. SQL: 141 (37%)
  3. R: 129 (34%)
  4. Machine Learning: 125 (33%)
  5. Statistics: 64 (17%)
  6. Tableau: 60 (16%)
  7. Data Visualization: 53 (14%)
  8. Spark: 37 (10%)
  9. Microsoft Excel: 31 (8%)
  10. SAS: 31 (8%)
  11. Deep Learning: 30 (8%)
  12. Java: 27 (7%)
  13. Data Analysis: 26 (7%)
  14. Problem Solving: 26 (7%)
  15. Natural Language Processing: 21 (6%)

Top data science skills

Most important resume keywords: nouns, adjectives, verbs

Nouns

Keyword rank    Single-word noun    Two-word compound noun
1    data    machine learning
2    Python    data science
3    machine    data visualization
4    SQL    deep learning
5    learning    data analysis
6    analysis    data scientist
7    science    big data
8    university    data mining
9    statistic    language processing
10     visualization     scikit-learn

Adjectives

Keyword rank     Single-word adjective    Two-word compound adjective
1    statistical    data driven
2    English    statistical predictive
3    predictive    convolutional neural
4     new    large-scale
5    various    cross-functional
6    different    internal/external
7    natural    predictive statistical
8    technical    demonstrated valuable
9    deep    quantitative qualitative
10    neural    random forest

Verbs

  1. learning
  2. using
  3. based
  4. programming
  5. developed
  6. solving
  7. worked
  8. modeling
  9. working
  10. created

9. Civil Engineer: 356 resumes analyzed

Sections used

Standard, “must-have” resume sections:

  • Personal Information: 99.7%
  • Education: 99.7%
  • Work Experience: 97%
  • Skills: 92%
  • Summary or Objective: 90%

Additional resume sections:

  • Any additional section: 86%
  • Languages: 63%
  • Software: 42%
  • Certificates: 39%
  • Courses: 28%
  • Additional Activities: 26%
  • Interests: 24%
  • References: 24%
  • Licenses: 14%
  • Conferences: 6%
  • Publications: 6%
  • Legal Clause: 6%

Top 15 most common skills

  1. AutoCAD: 156 (44%)
  2. Microsoft Office: 84 (24%)
  3. Leadership: 49 (14%)
  4. Communication: 46 (13%)
  5. Project Management: 44 (12%)
  6. Revit: 44 (12%)
  7. Primavera: 38 (11%)
  8. Microsoft Excel: 37 (10%)
  9. Teamwork: 34 (10%)
  10. Microsoft Project: 33 (9%)
  11. SAP2000: 29 (8%)
  12. Problem Solving: 27 (8%)
  13. Time Management: 21 (6%)
  14. ETABS: 18 (5%)
  15. Adaptability: 12 (3%)

Top civil engineering skills

Most important resume keywords: nouns, adjectives, verbs

Nouns

Keyword rank    Single-word noun    Two-word compound noun
1    project     Microsoft Office
2    AutoCAD    project management
3    management    civil engineering
4    engineering    civil engineer
5    civil    communication skills
6    engineer    Primavera P6
7    skill    time management
8    office    site engineer
9    construction    Microsoft Excel
10    design    Microsoft Project

Adjectives

Keyword rank    Single-word adjective    Two-word compound adjective
1    English    on-site
2    technical    autonomous high
3    civil    English good
4    structural    weekly/monthly
5    good   residential/commercial
6    new    higher secondary
7    concrete    daily/weekly
8    high    structural concrete
9    Spanish    daily/monthly
10    different    civil structural

Verbs

  1. work
  2. using
  3. solving
  4. including
  5. engineering
  6. completed
  7. drawing
  8. surveying
  9. planning
  10. ensure

10. Accountant: 344 resumes analyzed

Sections used

Standard, “must-have” resume sections:

  • Personal Information: 100%
  • Education: 99%
  • Work Experience: 98%
  • Skills: 97%
  • Summary or Objective: 90%

Additional resume sections:

  • Any additional section: 65%
  • Languages: 36%
  • References: 21%
  • Software: 19%
  • Certificates: 19%
  • Interests: 17%
  • Courses: 14%
  • Additional Activities: 11%
  • Legal Clause: 5%
  • Conferences: 4%
  • Licenses: 3%
  • Publications: 1.5%

Top 15 most common skills:

  1. Communication: 67 (19%)
  2. Microsoft Excel: 53 (15%)
  3. Microsoft Office: 47 (14%)
  4. Time Management: 44 (13%)
  5. Quickbooks: 38 (11%)
  6. Teamwork: 35 (10%)
  7. Microsoft Word: 29 (8%)
  8. Problem Solving: 28 (8%)
  9. Accounts Payable/Receivable: 26 (8%)
  10. Adaptability: 26 (8%)
  11. Attention to Detail: 23 (7%)
  12. Financial Analysis: 19 (6%)
  13. Leadership: 18 (5%)
  14. SAP: 18 (5%)
  15. Analytical Skills: 15 (4%)

Top accountant skills

Most important resume keywords: nouns, adjectives, verbs

Nouns

Keyword rank Single-word noun Two-word compound noun
1 accounting time management
2 skill communication skill
3    management    Microsoft Office
4    Microsoft    Microsoft Excel
5    communication    customer service
6    account    Microsoft Word
7    Excel    business administration
8    Office    accounting software
9    university    computer skill
10    accountant    years experience

Adjectives

Keyword rank    Single-word adjective    Two-word compound adjective
1    financial    payable/receivable
2    English    monthly financial
3    monthly    professional new
4    new    technical professional
5    payable    internal/external
6    professional    financial monthly
7    excellent    weekly/monthly
8    daily    excellent financial
9     good    excellent verbal
10    receivable    annual financial

Verbs

  1. including
  2. work
  3. accounting
  4. solving
  5. oriented
  6. ensure
  7. organized
  8. preparing
  9. reporting
  10. seeking

11. Product Manager: 344 resumes analyzed

Sections used

Standard, “must-have” resume sections:

  • Work Experience: 100%
  • Personal Information: 99.7%
  • Education: 96%
  • Skills: 91%
  • Summary or Objective: 90%

Additional resume sections:

  • Any additional section: 75%
  • Certificates: 36%
  • Software: 31%
  • Languages: 29%
  • Interests: 22%
  • Additional Activities: 22%
  • Courses: 10%
  • References: 8%
  • Publications: 8%
  • Conferences: 6%
  • Licenses: 2%
  • Legal Clause: 2%

Top 15 most common skills

  1. Agile: 67 resumes (19%)
  2. Product Management: 57 (17%)
  3. Project Management: 55 (16%)
  4. Leadership: 52 (15%)
  5. JIRA: 44 (13%)
  6. Scrum: 37 (11%)
  7. Problem Solving: 36 (10%)
  8. Strategic Thinking: 34 (10%)
  9. Communication: 32 (9%)
  10. SQL: 30 (8%)
  11. User Experience: 28 (8%)
  12. Data Analysis: 26 (8%)
  13. Microsoft Office: 25 (7%)
  14. Google Analytics: 20 (6%)
  15. Product Strategy: 18 (5%)

Top product manager skills

Most important resume keywords: nouns, adjectives, verbs

Nouns

Keyword rank    Single-word noun    Two-word compound noun
1    product    product management
2    management    project management
3    project    product development
4    team    Microsoft Office
5    business    data analysis
6    development    Google Analytics
7    customer    Agile methodology
8    analysis    product strategy
9    Agile    product owner
10    strategy    time management

Adjectives

Keyword rank    Single-word adjective    Two-word compound adjective
1    new    cross-functional
2    English    internal/external
3    technical    new technical
4    functional    data-driven
5    responsible    fast-paced
6    internal    responsible new
7    multiple    new user
8    various    functional technical
9    mobile    new internal
10    analytical    technical user

Verbs

  1. testing
  2. including
  3. using
  4. working
  5. managed
  6. solving
  7. based
  8. leading
  9. created
  10. developed

Methodology and Limitations

For this study, we extracted data from over 2,000,000 resumes created with our resume builder. To keep the data more relevant, we limited the analysis to downloaded resumes only (assuming those were actually used in the job search). For the analysis of the most common entries, skills, and keywords, we further limited the sample to one document per user—leaving us with 133,289 resumes.

The data for the most popular professions comes from documents in which a user’s job title exactly matches the job title discussed (i.e. for a given resume to be included in the “software engineer” resume analysis, the job title on the resume must read “Software Engineer” with no permutations such as “Senior Software Engineer” etc.).

The data was collected anonymously. For non-discriminatory reasons, users’ age and gender was not disclosed in resumes. This limits a detailed demographic analysis.

The accuracy of the data regarding the most common skills and foreign languages is limited by users’ inconsistent spelling and phrasing. We tried to include all possible variations of skill descriptions (e.g. “MS Office” or “Microsoft Office”, as well as “Spanish” or “Spanish: Fluent,” etc.), but certain instances might have been omitted. The percentages denoting the most common skills and foreign languages listed by users might be underestimated by up to 0.5.

The data regarding the most contextually-relevant keywords (nouns, adjectives, and verbs) for particular professions has been extracted using the automated TF*IDF algorithm. Certain sets of compound words might not reflect the natural use of language since the TF*IDF algorithm has been programmed to ignore some of the most commonly used stop words (e.g. “or,” “a”,” “the,” “with,” etc.).

Michael Tomaszewski is a Certified Professional Résumé Writer (CPRW), is a career writer and the newsletter coordinator at Zety.

This article was originally posted here.

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